Activities are an important part of ESL classrooms because elicit students to use the target language without realizing that they are speaking in another language. Activities and games are a funny and enjoyable way to practice and learn, that’s why they have to be present all the time in our classes.
When to use them…
Activities can be used as an additional practice for the language points taught. They allow students to practice what they have learnt. Also, activities can be used at the beginning of a new topic to reinforce previous learned language points or even later on when learners are working in the next topic. Activities also bring to the classroom a fun way to closure a lesson when there is enough class time. Activities can be a useful diagnostic tool to realize how well learners have learned the language and what are their weaknesses.
How to use them….
The secret of the activities depends on appropriate classroom management. And something very important is that all the material you invest in the activities can be recycled for further versions of the same activity or topic. The format of the activity is better to show it than explain it, because learners will understand better from seeing the teacher or other students modeling the activity. Set the time to be done and the teacher should be monitoring the students’ performance, also helping with vocabulary. During the activity the teacher can notice common errors to be reviewed later.
Here there is a web page where you can find many games and activities: